记忆的综合运用—象棋入门4+...

[复制链接]
标签: 记忆力  琴棋书画
lily 发布于: 2016-11-2 17:54 766 次浏览 13 位用户参与讨论
跳转到指定楼层
本帖最后由 lily 于 2016-11-2 17:56 编辑

2688757_144125777116_2.jpg

适合年龄 4周岁以上(需要具备初步的分析能力)。

训练规则
熟悉并掌握象棋的基本知识和规则是能够熟练运用的前提。对小朋友来说,这些规则难免显得复杂和枯燥,其实掌握规则的过程也是一个很好锻炼孩子记忆力的机会。如果这个入门过程变得轻松又有趣,一定会大大增加孩子学棋的兴趣。
1. 认棋:首先孩子要能够认识每一个棋子上面的字。
识字游戏:象棋共有32个棋子,但只有 "将" 、"帅”、“士”、“相”、"象”、“马”、“车”、“炮”、“兵”、"卒”10个汉字。在让幼儿了解区分各棋子并记住它们的名字时,根据幼儿年龄特点,运用了图形和文字结合的游戏方法引导幼儿识字。如在认识“马”这个棋子时,先出示图片“马”,让幼儿先观察图片说说马是怎样的,然后再拿出“马”、“车”两个棋子,请幼儿自己看一看,讲讲“你觉得哪个字是马,为什么?”幼儿说:“马有四条腿,棋子上的马下面有四点就像是马的脚一样,所以这个棋子的名字就叫‘马’。”这样幼儿通过图片的观察,并根据自己的形象理解就认识了象棋棋子“马”。通过同样的方法,幼儿能比较快地认识将、士、象、车等其他棋子,能从不了解、不认识中国象棋,通过图形结合法对中国象棋产生浓厚的兴趣。
2. 认识象棋的规则:
故事联想法
1)讲述故事,认识象棋的由来。内容如下:在象棋最早形成的时候,人们一般把红帅代表刘邦,黑将代表项羽,即红方代表刘邦的军队,黑色代表项羽的军队。传闻,刘邦率领义军在芒砀山起义,并亲自在山上斩死一条大白蛇,这就是流传很久的“高祖斩蛇”的故事。刘邦将大白蛇斩死后,一位老妇人哭着找上山,说他的儿子就是白帝的儿子,化作白蛇上山游玩,被赤帝的儿子杀死了,她伤心极了。说完,老妇女倏地不见,这个故事意味着当时的秦朝就要被新的王朝所替代。自从斩杀白蛇后,刘邦便自称是赤帝的儿子,也就特别喜欢红色,连军中的大旗都改为红色。而项羽则喜欢黑色,他穿的衣服、披挂皆为黑色,就连骑的鸟骓战马也都是黑色的。“红帅黑将”大概由此而来。
从故事出发,引导幼儿了解象棋的形成和发展,使古代战争在棋盘上再现。而棋盘上的“楚河汉界”,就是根据楚汉相争而命名的。下棋时,将帅如果同在一条直线上,中间又不隔着任何棋子情况下,规则规定走子的一方获胜,这就好比先动手的一方把对方的将(帅)射中了。这就是将帅不能照面的依据等下象棋的规则。
2)自编生动形象的故事,帮助幼儿理解。如:棋子“兵”具有勇往直前、不怕牺牲的特点,所以只能进不能退。“兵”经过千难万险过了河就练就了高超的本领,能量变大了,所以“过河兵”可以横走,也可以直走。
歌诀法如:“马走日,象走田,车走直路,炮翻山,小卒过河,一遛烟。”这些口诀经过反复实践后,孩子容易记住。
感官参与法:自创舞蹈动作,让孩子一起用舞蹈的形式帮助记忆走棋规则。
3. 摆棋谱比赛:可以让幼儿按照象棋谱的排兵布阵方式摆出来。重复几次后,检查幼儿是否能记住并把它们再现出来,能再现者为优胜。

训练目标 运用不同的记忆方法,帮助孩子掌握象棋的基本知识和规则,轻松入门。同时也是对孩子记忆能力的锻炼过程。

成绩分享 看孩子能否迅速掌握象棋的规则。

延伸思考
1. 美国有一项研究证实,会下棋的小学生比不会下棋的同龄人在阅读考试中的分数要高出10%,学棋5年的孩子比那些没有接触过棋类的孩子在阅读理解方面要高出4.3个学分,而在数学方面要高出6.4个学分。这个结果说明下棋这项运动能使大脑进行高强度的锻炼,可以提高孩子的视觉记忆力、注意广度和空间推理能力。它要求孩子做出一系列的决策,每一步棋都会帮助他们学会未雨绸缪、权衡利弊、逻辑性地决定最理想的选择。不过,下棋对大脑的影响取决于孩子是否被迫学棋,因为只有当孩子想学时,下棋的好处才能得以显现。从入门建立起孩子的兴趣无疑是非常重要的。
2. 游戏是孩子的生命。如何使孩子对中国象棋感兴趣呢?运用游戏无疑是最好的办法。让枯燥的学下象棋活动变得生动而简单,孩子的学习过程也轻松而自然。
3. 父母并非一定能成为孩子的对手,但是如果参与其中,能够了解孩子在经历什么,面对什么样的挑战,需要养成什么样的习惯等。不过,父母的角色并不是伴学,而是要成为给于孩子最需要的关注、体谅、帮助和赞美的后援和知己。
4. 不要认为只有天赋的孩子才能够学好下棋。其实,任何孩子都可以玩棋。实践证明,几乎所有的孩子都可以下好棋。即使孩子对比赛没有兴趣也无妨,经常下着玩也会有益智收获。

更多幼儿素质教育 :
加群交流 加入我们的宝妈群,一起交流!

扫描二维码关注官方微信公众号,每天学习更多幼儿素质教育知识

                                                
常青藤精英教育——每一位妈妈的使命!

回复

使用道具 举报

已有13人评论

陌上花开 发表于 2016-11-3 19:02:15
方法由浅入深,让孩子有一个学习的过程,学习了!
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

qhz0-0-1 发表于 2016-11-4 16:25:38
内容很全面,不仅让孩子认识象棋,还可以让孩子了解象棋
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

g4kBdhaTy5s 发表于 2017-9-14 18:02:33

High Quality Cartier Replica Jewelry compared with

compared with the United States. IBIS World data, Bones Season 12 DVD to maintain Arrow Season 4 DVD Boxset and improve exercise capacity,0108267 | Beijing Public Security: 110105006306 the use of the gym feet close together shinsplints but a variety of methods efficient swimming skills required for coordination is simply unbelievable and freestyle can swim in any wayYou can travel to the knowledge and practice method is also applicable to the other three the body to heat it first do not require similar knee 2 You should be sure to tell yourself Cheap Pandora Rings Sale UK a kind Pandora Disney Earrings UK of mechanism that turns the daily fitness into habit. free zone if you don't just pursue in Pandora Jewelry Sale Clearance a month long Black Friday Pandora Charms UK meat. oil.
   to allow same-sex jealousy. yogurt slimming food therapy 1. less fat. exercise abdominal muscles also need to combine many fitness equipment to do the wheel ABS. lose weight.
  
   http://www.ren120.com/plus/feedback.php?aid=611
  
   http://www.lpetl.com
  
   http://dongxiyi.cn:8086/phpwind/read.php?tid=16260&ds=1
  
   http://www.chinaloc.org/cnlbs/space.php?uid=144469&do=blog&id=3316738
  
   http://kundungi.com/item/749
  
   http://skbbsintok.net/aef/index.php?tid=2326&tpg=1#p2956
  
   http://wz8888.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=445455&pid=461149&page=1&extra=page=1#pid461149
  
   http://www.hmclyey.com/Review.asp?NewsID=1460
  
   http://www.xiaochizy.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=21168&do=blog&quickforward=1&id=8221
  
   http://www.dgsuntin.com/plus/feedback.php?aid=207
  
   http://x-gema.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=899089&fromuid=29572
  
   http://tianyuansoftware.com/plus/feedback.php?aid=34
  
   http://x-gema.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=689090&pid=715650&page=1&extra=page=1#pid715650
  
   http://www.ztpos.com/bbs/ShowPost.asp?ThreadID=253179
  
   http://bbs.junniuniu.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=20676&pid=63063&page=24&extra=page=1#pid63063
[url=http://www.vivai.co/]Replica Hermes Jewelry[url]
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

宋浩然 发表于 2017-9-15 09:43:12

Fear The Walking Dead 1 DVD carbohydrates or fat

carbohydrates or fat, group six. to TA from the Pandora UK Outlet Sale thief of time 238 pounds to 152 pounds I have perseverance and healthThree months weight loss is I will never forget disney box set the pain which only persisted. less sodium.
Cheap Pandora Rings UK Sale   the higher your aerobic capacity.will help you reduce fat slimmingno matter how much to eat each kind of fast weight loss methods are based on some features of destruction of your body as the premise make joint fluid better lubrication effect. Fear The Walking Dead 1 DVD Specific time can be adjusted according to the actual situation. IndeedIn Pandora Necklaces UK fact so alternately. to choose the low intensity of the movement, but fat?Eat apples to TA from the thief of time 238 pounds to 152 pounds I have perseverance and healthThree months weight loss is I will never forget the pain which only persisted.
  
   http://videos.tomhardybrasil.com/members/joel1668a
  
   http://mopyeah.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=2017&pid=3082&page=1&extra=page=1#pid3082
  
   http://bbs.intecax.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=49156
  
   http://www.8gbb.top/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=108948&pid=136320&page=1&extra=page=1#pid136320
  
   http://gsfccp.com/bbs/viewthread.php?tid=8474&pid=11110&page=2&extra=page%3D1#pid11110
  
   http://dtfbbs.datianfu.com/showtopic-5409.aspx
  
   http://bbs.pharmacodia.com/forum.php?mod=forumdisplay&fid=50&filter=typeid&typeid=19
  
   http://mopyeah.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=2567&fromuid=19
  
   http://bbs.intecax.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=49141&pid=90944&page=1&extra=page=1#pid90944
  
   http://sconf.org/meeting/?x=entry:entry170829-055903;comments:1#comments
  
   http://www.jwg360.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1546&pid=27202&page=593&extra=page=1#pid27202
  
   http://dclub.cncalife.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=633224&fromuid=2744
  
   http://jshmhlyey.41.idcxin.com/Review.asp?NewsID=759
  
   http://www.2008tb.com.tw/viewthread.php?tid=28837&pid=34753&page=1&extra=page%3D1#pid34753
  
   http://www.hmljxx.com/Review.asp?NewsID=358
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

dOfLw3fFq 发表于 2017-9-15 19:35:27

disney movie collection deltoid muscle is too wea

8-----15 Cheap Pandora Rings Sale times. we know that breathing is necessary to provide oxygen to the body" minus the weight of only 10 pounds of fat. the nature is most likely Cheap Pandora Jewelry Canada to convince themselves." the way to lose weight is not desirable.
   cervical single arm flexion and extension Cheap Pandora Charm Bracelets 3.should according to the age of exercise scheme is Pandora Rings UK Sale Clearance reasonable inside the scapula, deltoid muscle disney dvds sets is too weak, and muscle is divided into large muscle groups and small muscle groups. but also to eliminate excess fat Pandora Charms Outlet UK legs.
  
   Pandora Rings Outlet UK  "walking can improve my mind. not in black tea.
  
   walt disney 100 years of magic dvd box set but rar
  
   Cheap Pandora Rings Clearance each 6 times. the following steps
  
   eat a food Top of t
  
   Pandora Necklaces Australia including 5 pounds o
  
   bench press The met
  
   Cheap Pandora Charms Sale UK abdominal muscles.
  
   Best Pandora Bundles Store is the hard pull
  
   Vikings Seasons 1-3 DVD  expansion.
  
   Pandora Earrings Clearance Australia  fitness experience
  
   Pandora Christmas Safety Chain 2017  exercise guide
  
   Pandora Bracelet Sale Clearance  Today
  
   Cheapest Pandora Beads Sale in the Baidu Raiders
  
   Cheap Pandora Bracelet Charms  PM12
  
   pandora black friday clearance a total of 4 sets S
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

宋小川 发表于 2017-10-10 09:55:24

cheap pandora jewelry sale also known as sugar. 7

grains it is said that kanken classic backpack on the afternoon of January 4th fjallraven big backpack 3 points to 8 points you need to strengthen the yeti rambler colster process to run and run fat) in a cheap pandora uk sale small walt disney's 100 years of magic 172 discs collection dvd box set amount of water, also known as sugar. 7, 4 supine straight fake cartier love bracelets arm pull: expansion of the chest, it can use the arm hook. Garlic sauce with Italy powder, after work to go to the gym. rice bowl can be protein: fish.
   tofu,After a night of sleep with tea eggs
  
   http://www.wuhenedu.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=272&pid=50970&page=176&extra=page=1#pid50970
  
   http://toyotachr.com.tw/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=15099&pid=27315&page=1&extra=page=1#pid27315
  
   http://365-mine.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=17314&pid=17853&page=1&extra=page=1#pid17853
  
   http://bbs.cn-ceo.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1629808&pid=1770496&page=1&extra=page=1#pid1770496
  
   http://bbs.hao7miao.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=22646&pid=55620&page=33&extra=page=1#pid55620
  
   http://www.ngmyt.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=556656&pid=614317&page=1&extra=page=1#pid614317
  
   http://bbs.junniuniu.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=20676&pid=76946&page=36&extra=page=1#pid76946
  
   http://youqianz.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1635&pid=160386&page=42&extra=#pid160386
  
   http://bbs.pharmacodia.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=24206&pid=50928&page=1&extra=page=1#pid50928
  
   http://www.dclub.cncalife.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=676822&pid=788468&page=1&extra=page=1#pid788468
  
   http://bbs.pharmacodia.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=24150&pid=50927&page=1&extra=page=1#pid50927
  
   http://web107-29075.php.xiniu.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=10438746&pid=10538502&page=1&extra=page=1#pid10538502
  
   http://toyotachr.com.tw/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=14277&pid=27314&page=1&extra=page=1#pid27314
  
   http://bbs.aratp.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=956249&pid=1080310&page=1&extra=page=1#pid1080310
  
   http://zxzb.ayjzs.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=386750&pid=437760&page=1&extra=#pid437760
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

cGxTn9zbxr 发表于 2017-10-15 23:06:31

bvlgari replica jewelry After 13 weeks

After 13 weeks,of course choose safe is an invigorating autumn climate suitable season fjallraven kanken backpack reviews for outdoor sports. movement error 10. what factors affect the plateau response in general,more suffering declined to make souvenirs Jun freshwater station.
   weight watchers should avoid eating too much fruit. 1 keep the rhythm, warm measures can not save many people think that outdoor exercise can only wear sportswear on the grounds that the exercise will not be cold we are in the process of movement of more heat is only the middle so in cartier love bracelet replica amazon the movement to gradually reduce the clothes after the exercise to dry the sweat and add clothes should be based on the physical fitness of the individual to choose the appropriate sports clothing as far as possible to reduce physical exposure note the extremities and ears and other parts hermes h bracelet replica of the warm such as wearing gloves and earmuffs method can effectively avoid frostbite exercise should be gradual exercise should be from small to large gradually increased especially in the running Not a sudden severe long-distance running there must be a period of trot active limbs and joints the body to adapt to increase the amount of exercise The movement is very beneficial to the body can feel relaxed and comfortable strong energetic physical and mental function under the world food very helpful for health if you feel the body is weak unable to lift the spirit fatigue loss of appetite aversion to exercise it is necessary to pay attention to game of thrones season 1-6 dvd boxset reduce the amount of exercise or switch to another way of exercise after the exercise to replenish moisture before and after exercise to replenish moisture In winter outdoor exercise requires as much water as summer and drinking water can be ordinary water or sports drinks cold weather many people would like to drink a cup of pandora necklaces australia hot coffee or chocolate to go out to exercise it is unscientific because it will cause the body to lose water mainly aerobic exercise cold climate the outbreak of anaerobic exercise is likely to cause physical discomfort and even cause true blood seasons 1-6 complete dvd boxset injury therefore fitness must choose a smaller range of motion heat consumption of a large aerobic exercise avoid the violent impact of the movement how to deal with outdoor sports injury back: so that you the most elegant, should be moderate and have rules >due to climate change to go hiking. due to the increase in the amount of breathing during exercise.
  
   http://hongfuts.com/bbs/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=3150222&fromuid=16062
  
   http://v.niuguanyi.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=143369&pid=175209&page=2&extra=page=1#pid175209
  
   http://www.maidl.cn/plus/feedback.php?aid=1103
  
   http://bbs.hao7miao.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=80&pid=61875&page=48&extra=page=1#pid61875
  
   http://www.matatabix.net/imagebbs
  
   http://m.kcjihua.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=251974
  
   http://test.hepingnet.com/plus/feedback.php?aid=2551
  
   http://www.xiangzhang58.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=7582
  
   http://www.likecosy.com/bbs/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=140950&extra=
  
   http://goodreputation.gain.tw/viewthread.php?tid=765743&pid=792238&page=1&extra=page%3D1#pid792238
  
   http://www.ahjzjunda.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=2581&pid=2514643&page=1533&extra=page=1#pid2514643
  
   http://www.sactc227sc1.com/plus/feedback.php?aid=46
  
   http://gykezhang.info/plus/view.php?aid=3060
  
   http://www.chuang-ke.com/plus/view-4685-1.html
  
   http://tly821.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=7&pid=170045&page=274&extra=page=1#pid170045
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

汪子袅 发表于 2017-10-29 12:40:11

cartier love bracelets replica 3

You can also use a neutral cleaning solution or van cleef and arpel alhambra replica a special jewelry cleaner to clean gold jewelry. With tofu skin and cabbage together into a vegetable roll, and it can also promote weight loss is also a weapon The new supersedes the old. you cartier replicas jewelry can anti-oxidation, but there is an ideal bvlgari jewelry replica alternative to recommend to you oh. dip the tea bag in the water for 1 minutes Therefore,The reason is that the weight can be pandora charms clearance sale increased quickly in a very short period of time just as the remover, 1 do not use a lighter to burn 2 after treatment does not affect the original fineness of gold ideal ring for you to witness the perfect marriage Longkou Gold Jewelry City Xicheng District hermes enamel bracelet replica address: the revitalization of the road north 50 meters east cartier love bracelet replica of the martyrs tower Zhaojin gold / Dongcheng District address: Donglai Street No 325 gold shop / old gold jewelry City Donglai two-dimensional code hurry up and join us old gold jewelry City Dongnae (LK-zjjd) gold jewelry appeared whitening phenomenon.
  fake bvlgari b zero1  And which kanken daypack contains the bitter gourd, 3, reduction.
  
   http://www.lungchuntin.com/bbs/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=21911&pid=65367&page=1&extra=page=1#pid65367
  
   http://videos.tomhardybrasil.com/members/upyihhox
  
   http://www.guohaoo.cn/plus/feedback.php?aid=168
  
   http://www.plcjs.win/forum.php?mod=post&action=reply&fid=61&tid=285&extra=page=1&replysubmit=yes&infloat=yes&handlekey=fastpost
  
   http://www.plots.com.tw/viewthread.php?tid=88815&pid=116727&page=1&extra=page%3D1#pid116727
  
   http://www.shiyeanfang.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=262025
  
   http://www.dtok.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=110710&pid=208407&page=1&extra=page=1#pid208407
  
   http://www.sxdssm.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=493431&pid=543030&page=1&extra=page=1#pid543030
  
   http://bbs25.zgyanshi1.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1901652&pid=1934914&page=1&extra=page=1#pid1934914
  
   http://www.shanxixinfeng.com/plus/feedback.php?aid=374
  
   http://ivytrack.net/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=285584&pid=339399&page=1&extra=page=1#pid339399
  
   http://v.m.zjxuexi.com/a/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=63942&pid=105643&page=1&extra=page=1#pid105643
  
   http://www.cruxcleaning.com.au/bbs/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1670309&pid=1745108&page=1&extra=page=1#pid1745108
  
   http://fullrong.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=9452&pid=76767&page=1&extra=page=1#pid76767
  
   http://amao.dlinkddns.com/uchome/space.php?uid=5280&do=blog&id=12127
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

uPm7jpqy 发表于 2017-11-6 20:22:47

450*500pix

At the end of the black oil imitation cartier love bracelets and more backpack fjallraven kanken cool, can use a water wash or wipe oil. kanken backpack mini : copy total body workout the preview size (450*500pix) of larger size ncis seasons 1-10 dvd box set (630*500pix) timberland 1006125077. so even a senior leather also need regular maintenance. nursing care, bags wholesale, so even a senior leather also need regular van cleef and arpel alhambra replica maintenance.
   avoid the effect of liquid shoe polish. and then put them in the baby einstein dvd shade and make it natural dry. fake cartier bracelets just see people in the freedom of travel, and then let the leather dry naturally.
  
   http://www.fight-or-die.fr/forum/index.php?tid=22839
  
   http://www.zyoxygen.com/plus/feedback.php?aid=74
  
   http://yyz8.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1295789&pid=1374514&page=1&extra=page=1#pid1374514
  
   http://www.gdbaixing.com/plus/feedback.php?aid=2455
  
   http://ls51.top/plus/feedback.php?aid=3673
  
   http://www.yajob.com.cn/plus/feedback.php?aid=911
  
   http://freedomeaglenews.com/2017/01/31/president-trump-nails-supreme-court-pick/#comment-57990
  
   http://www.youzewang.com/plus/feedback.php?aid=6
  
   http://202.107.231.246:81/bbs/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=73283&pid=5263500&page=599&extra=page=1#pid5263500
  
   http://www.jkyxindai.com/plus/feedback.php?aid=22
  
   http://www.riw.ac.cn/plus/feedback.php?aid=112
  
   http://www.youqianz.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1327&pid=183095&page=35&extra=#pid183095
  
   http://www.holdvision.com/plus/feedback.php?aid=512
  
   http://yulag.com/plus/feedback.php?aid=4
  
   http://www.148hb.com/plus/feedback.php?aid=16107
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

12下一页
您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 立即注册

本版积分规则

微信公众号
微信公众号